Using the 4Cs to Choose the Best Diamond For You

 

 When selecting a diamond it is essential to understand the 4 C distinctions of Cut, Carat, Color and Clarity. They will guide you in making the best choice for you.


Cut


 Cut refers by to a diamond's shape as well as its quality. It’s considered the most significant factor affecting a diamond’s beauty and brilliance and is influenced by proportions, symmetry and polish. Of the 4 Cs, the cut is the one factor based exclusively on human elements, especially cutting skills.

Cut shapes range from the most popular round brilliant to a broad range of fancy shapes including princess, marquise, pear, heart, oval, emerald, radiant and cushion.


Carat


Diamond weight is measured in carats. A one-carat diamond is subdivided into 100 equal parts called 'points.' While Carat weight is written in decimal numbers, more frequently fractions are used for greater comprehension.

 

Color


Most people look for diamonds with little to no color. A 12-letter alphabetical scale from D to Z is used to determine color. Diamonds on the lower spectrum of the scale have the least amount of color, with D considered a colorless stone. Diamonds closer to the Z end of the scale have deeper tones.

In special cases, diamonds with intense coloring beyond the Z grading enter another category. These are considered "Fancy Color" diamonds. Often the value of a Fancy Colored stone can surpass that of colorless diamonds. This is especially true for diamonds with rare or deep coloring including bright yellow, pink, blue, green, orange, purple, red, champagne and others.


Clarity


Most every diamond has tiny imperfections. Clarity is the term used to reflect the visibility of these characteristics. Because flawless diamonds are so rare, and costly, most diamonds have some imperfections. These “inclusions” can include anything fro tiny white points to dark dots, cracks or scratches. The fewer inclusions found, the more valuable the diamond.